International Projects
 
Global Review of Aquaculture Hardware (FAO - Investment Assessment Programme)
EFA has been awarded the contract to undertake a global review of the status of aquaculture infrastructure across 93 developing countries.
 
The review is a sub-component of a larger Investment Assessment Programme that is being conducted by the FAO to identify investment needs in agricultural sectors across the developing world. The aquaculture assessment covers investment needs to upgrade hardware and know-how to improve productivity, minimize environmental impacts, and improve product safety and quality.
 
Specifically, the analysis covers investment needs for the rehabilitation of fish ponds, the upgrading of infrastructure and institutional support for water supply & discharge, the provision of good quality feed & seed, the building of extension institutions, and the building of supporting institutions and policies.
 
ASCLME Coastal Livelihoods Assessment 
Dr Tim Andrew, a Director of EFA, has been appointed by UNOPS to coordinate the Coastal Livelihoods component of the Agulhas and Somali Currents Large Marine Ecosystem (ASCLME) programme.
 
Fisheries and other key coastal activities, including various forms of tourism, aquaculture, shipping, mineral exploitation, agriculture and forestry, are very important contributors to the economies of the countries of the western Indian Ocean. In recognition of the complexity and importance of these activities, a Coastal Livelihoods Assessment (CLA) component has been developed for the ASCLME Project.
 
Information gathered by the CLA will help to inform the planning processes for project interventions.The assessment is currently in Phase 2 with 19 in-country personnel having been identified and recruited through a regionally inclusive recruitment process. This group of consultants are currently engaged in collecting information from existing resources, such as published articles, government reports, regional reviews, project reports and outputs, policy documents as well as a range of other grey literature that is likely to be useful.Phase 3 will involve the analysis of information and the preparation of draft sector reports. It is anticipated that the final outputs of this component will be completed by April 2010. These outputs will include concise situation assessments for each sector in each of the 9 ASCLME countries, and serve to inform the ASCLME Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis and Strategic Action Planning process.
 
Seychelles Aquaculture Master Plan (Seychelles Government / African Development Bank) 
EFA has been requested to assist the Government of Seychelles to develop a sector development plan for marine aquaculture.
 
The potential for mariculture in Seychelles was first explored by EFA in 2007 and then followed up by a scoping study in 2009 that defined and detailed the opportunities and the factors that constrain the development of off-shore mariculture in Seychelles.
 
The goal of the master plan is to develop the platform upon which to develop a sustainable sector that is integrated into the country’s economic planning vision and coastal zone and off-shore management strategies, and that is environmentally responsible and sustainable. The plan will be developed over an 18 – 24 month period.
 
 
National Projects
 
Aquaculture Sector Plan for the Eastern Cape (Eastern Cape Development Corporation - ECDC)
The Eastern Cape Development Corporation has commissioned EFA to develop a Provincial Aquaculture Sector Development Plan.
 
The aim of the plan is to develop an in-depth understanding of the potential for aquaculture development in the Eastern Cape, identify constraints to sectoral development, and develop a robust development strategy. The conceptualisation of this type of sector plan requires an initial diagnostic assessment of the aquaculture potential of the Province. Amongst other issues, this includes marketing and competitive analyses, a critical analysis of the institutional and legislative environments under which aquaculture can develop, the identification of constraints to development, and the identification of value propositions. In addition, suitable culture species and culture technologies need to be identified, and the potential size of the sector modelled.
 
The diagnostic report will be followed by a strategic analysis that will identify interventions that will need to be made to promote sectoral development over the next ten years.  
 
Development of an Integrated Coastal Management Plan for the Eden District
EFA has recently been contracted by the WWF Marine Programme, with support from the Eden District Municipality, to undertake this two-year assignment.
 
This project follows a process funded under the WWF CAPE Marine Programme that has developed a suite of marine related products for the Garden Route.
 
These included a Spatial Biodiversity Plan, Socio-Economic Study and Integrated Marine Management Plan for the area between the eastern boundary of Tsitsikamma National Park and the Kaaimans Estuary. With the enactment of the Integrated Coastal Management (ICM) Act it is now necessary for coastal municipalities to fulfil certain functions in accordance with the Act. Eden Municipality has been at the forefront of ensuring that these requirements are achieved within their municipal jurisdiction. As a result of the previous work that has been completed and the need to ensure implementation of the ICM Act, funding has been sourced through the Eden Municipality for EFA to undertake a gap analysis of planning and management plan work that has been undertaken within the Garden Route from a marine, estuary and coastal perspective over the last few years.
 
This information will then be used to identify what is needed to expand this information to cover the rest of the Eden Municipal District, westwards to the Breede River, and subsequently to develop an Integrated Coastal Management Plan for the District. This study will be used as a case study for other municipalities to follow.
 
Estuary Management Plans 
EFA has been involved in several assignments in support of the World Bank/local authority funded CAPE Estuaries Programme.
 
The urgent need for Estuary Management Plans (EMPs) became apparent during the development of the new Integrated Coastal Management Act (ICMA). Estuaries and the management thereof have not been adequately addressed by past marine (Marine Living Resources Act and the Sea Shore Act), freshwater (National Water Act) and biodiversity conservation (NEM:BA and NEM:PA) acts. Estuaries and estuaries management have been marginalized due to the fact that they do not fit the ambit of any one Department. Estuaries and the management thereof now form an integral part of the new ICMA which outlines a National Estuarine Management Protocol.
 
The protocol identifies the need for the development of EMPs, as these would help to align and coordinate estuaries management at a local level.  The process involves first obtaining a sound understanding of the current biophysical, legislative and management situation at the estuary, followed by a participatory process of developing the Management Plan. This is then usually followed by the establishment of an Estuary Management Forum comprising key stakeholders, including responsible authorities. EFA has been, or is currently involved in, the development of EMPs for the Gamtoos, Gourits, Keurbooms and Swartkops Estuaries in the Cape Floristic Region.
 
The Greater Addo National Park – Marine Protected Area Management Plan (WWF / Sanparks)
A large MPA has been proposed in Algoa Bay which will expand the Addo Elephant National Park (AENP) into the marine environment and will include habitat types currently poorly represented in existing South African MPAs. Due to the size of the proposed AENP MPA footprint, both recreational (shore and ski-boat) and commercial fishing activities may be affected.
 
Balancing the need for conservation with the existing socio-economic activities is complex, and a detailed baseline assessment of the biological and socio-economic aspects is required to ensure that both are taken into account in the planning and design process. One of the major objectives of the MPA is to contribute towards the protection of linefish and abalone resources which are currently overexploited along the South African coastline.
 
A spatial assessment of the linefish resources in Algoa Bay is being conducted using controlled angling and underwater visual census techniques, with movement patterns of selected species being investigated through conventional tagging studies. A baseline survey of the density and population size distribution of abalone stocks has been conducted with the establishment of permanent transects for the long-term monitoring of stock status in the Bird Island MPA in the future. Monthly roving creel surveys have been conducted to assess the spatial distribution and catch composition of the recreational shore fishery with recreational ski-boat catch and effort being assessed at the main access points. Six commercial fishery sectors utilize Algoa Bay and long-term catch and effort, observer program and vessel monitoring system data has been obtained from Marine and Coastal Mangement.
 
This data is being used to assess the level of fishing effort, catch volumes and species compositions spatially for each sector in order to determine potential economic impacts as a result of closures. Results from ecological and socio-economic studies are being integrated using the MARXAN conservation planning software. This will aid in the development of a spatially based multi-use management plan designed to meet specific conservation objectives while minimizing impacts on local fisheries, thereby contributing towards an ecosystem approach to fisheries management within Algoa Bay.